Winnie and I always see cool stuff on our walks. This morning we got a good look at the “Shemara”… And off into the rabbit hole we raced!
The Shemara was built in 1938. She was requisitioned by the Navy during World War II. She was used as an A/S vessel and later as a training vessel.
What’s an A/S vessel? Took me forever to figure it out! Anti-Submarine. That’s a great historical tidbit!
And… Requisitioned? Basically, Uncle Sam can take your boat if it needs it – even if its registered in a different country.
- “Vessels of five net tons or more used in fishing activities on navigable waters of the U.S. or in the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), or used in coastwise trade must be documented unless the vessel is exempt from documentation. Coastwise trade is generally defined as the transportation of merchandise or passengers between points in the U.S. or the EEZ. In addition, towboats operating between points in the U.S. or the EEZ or between the EEZ and points in the U.S. and dredges operating in the U.S. or the EEZ must be documented.”
- Effective United States-Controlled Ships (EUSCS) are ships owned by US citizens or companies that are registered in countries that have no prohibition on requisitioning of these vessels by the United States. These ships may be requisitioned by the United States under authority of Section 902, Merchant Marine Act of 1936 (title 46, USC, section 1242). United States controlled shipping are selected ships under foreign flag considered to be under “effective US control,” i.e., that can reasonably be expected to be made available to the United States in time of national emergency.
And that is where the Rabbit Hole got real! The “requisition” search led me down a “conscription” path.
Very basically, in the U.S., the draft was eliminated by July 1, 1973 – set in motion by Richard Nixon. Since then, we have had an all-volunteer military force. What I didn’t know, however, is that all male civilians between 18 – 25 are REQUIRED to register with the Selective Service System. And by “all male civilians” – the SSS includes “U.S. citizens or immigrants who are born male and have changed their gender to female” but not “individuals who are born female and have changed their gender to male”.
Jimmy Carter re-instated the requirement for all male civilians between 18 – 25 to register with the SSS. It’s been challenged in all kinds of ways and it isn’t really enforced – not since 1983.
The constitutionality of excluding women was, of course, tested in the courts. A Supreme Court decision in 1981, Rostker v. Goldberg, held that registering only men did not violate the due process clause of the Constitution. However, the move to include women in registering for a draft doesn’t seem too far off.
- “As of January 2016, there has been NO decision to require females to register with Selective Service, or be subject to a future military draft. Selective Service continues to register only men, ages 18 through 25.Following a unanimous recommendation by the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Defense Secretary Leon E. Panetta announced, on January 24, 2013, the end of the direct ground combat exclusion rule for female service members. The service branches continue to move forward with a plan to eliminate all unnecessary gender-based barriers to service. Ongoing project is still underway.The Selective Service System, if given the mission and modest additional resources, is capable of registering and drafting women with its existing infrastructure.”
The SSS is kid enough to include a special chart in case you have any difficulty understanding who needs to register.
And, apparently, Uranus is in Aries. My Mother’s Brother’s Wife’s Sister’s Daughter told me…
No, no, no… wait… I can do better…